Surgery Flashcard Collection 🔪

A collection of over 1700 surgery-focused flashcards covering key surgical topics.


1669 flashcards 🎉

Our collection of high-quality surgical flashcards is constantly expanding.

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Our flashcards cover a broad range of key surgical topics and provide high yield facts for effective revision.

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What are the most common causative organisms responsible for septic arthritis?

  • Staphylococcus aureus (most common pathogen across all age groups)
  • Streptococci species  
  • Neisseria gonorrhoea (especially in young, sexually active patients)
  • Escherichia coli (especially in elderly and immunocompromised patients)

Tip: Staphylococci or streptococci species account for approximately 90% of cases.

Link: Septic arthritis 

What are the typical symptoms of necrotising fasciitis?

  • Pain out of proportion to the clinical findings 
  • Skin discolouration
  • Skin blistering
  • Fever
  • Malaise

Link: Necrotising fasciitis 

What is the first-line imaging investigation for a suspected scaphoid fracture?

X-ray, with four specific scaphoid views

  • Posteroanterior
  • True lateral
  • Semi-pronated oblique
  • Posteroanterior with the wrist in ulnar deviation

Tip: Acutely, scaphoid fractures are often difficult to identify on X-ray and may not be seen in 20% of cases.

Link: Scaphoid fracture

Describe the surgical management options for testicular torsion.

  • Bilateral orchiopexy: if the testis appears red-tinged and viable, it may be sutured to the tunica vaginalis and returned to the scrotum (fixation)
  • Orchidectomy: if the testis appears dusky/black and non-viable, it may be removed completely

Tip: Fixation of the testis is performed bilaterally as a prophylactic measure, as the Bell-clapper abnormality may be present bilaterally. 

Link: Testicular torsion 


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