Medicine Flashcard Collection 🏥

A collection of flashcards covering key medical topics. The number of flashcards in this collection will be expanding considerably over the next 1-2 months.

Features

1198 Flashcards 🎉

Our collection of high-quality medical flashcards is constantly expanding.

Key Topics 🧠

Our flashcards cover a broad range of key medical topics and provide high yield facts for effective revision.

Dynamic Decks

Generate dynamic flashcard decks based on tags (e.g. specialty, topic, focus) or bookmarks.

Spaced Repetition

Use our spaced repetition mode to increase long term retention of knowledge.

Symptoms

Examples

What are the typical clinical features of peptic ulcer disease?


  • Epigastric pain (often described as 'burning' and may radiate to the back)
  • Epigastric tenderness (gives rise to 'pointing sign' (patient able to point to the precise site of pain using finger)
  • Nausea ± vomiting
  • Improvement of symptoms with use of antacids 
  • Changes to weight
  • Signs of gastrointestinal bleeding 

Tip: Gastric ulcers typically cause increased pain shortly after eating, whereas duodenal ulcers are associated with pain relief after eating.

Link: Peptic ulcer disease 

What initial investigations are recommended in suspected melanoma


  • Dermatoscopy: aids differentiation between early stages of melanoma from benign melanocytic lesions; allows clinicians to determine the need for biopsy
  • Biopsy: full-thickness excision of the entire lesion if melanoma is suspected, will show abnormal melanocytic proliferation if melanoma

Link: Melanoma 

Describe the management of blepharitis


  • Warm compression of the eyelids with cotton wool dipped in hot water to loosen debris
  • Eyelid massage to empty glands of debris
  • Cleaning eyelids with cotton wool to remove debris
  • Consider antibiotics (e.g. chloramphenicol) if symptoms do not improve despite lid hygiene

Link: Eyelid disorders

Describe the prognosis of motor neurone disease


  • Usually a rapidly progressive and fatal disease (median survival is two to four years)
  • Respiratory failure is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality
  • 5-10% of patients survive for a decade or more

Link: Motor neurone disease

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